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Vessel Tracking System

Vessel Tracking System
(Source- Maritime Mutual)

As the Global trade depends on the shipping industries which involves Merchant Ships known as vessel, Vessel tracking system plays a very important as well as very vital role for the purpose of trading. While Essential Goods and commodity being imported and exported by a number of different countries, to keep track of the vessels in which these goods and commodity are being carried out, Vessel Tracking System comes to play. And the importance of vessel tracking system has also increased.

Principle of Vessel Tracking System

The main principle of vessel tracking system is Safety of the vessel and cargoes being carried on it, as well as information of ship i.e., ships position, speed, course, origin position and destination position. Basically, all the information related to the cargoes and ships.

The vessel Tracking systems are; AIS [Automatic Identification System], GPS [Global Positioning system].

Importance of vessel tracking system

• It keeps track on the position of the ship.
• Helps in preventing collision of ships.
• Eliminate the necessity to directly call a vessel on VHF with a message seeking to spot another vessel.
• Eliminate or cut the hazard of creating collision avoidance arrangements with the near vessel.
• Within the ship-to-ship mode, to assist in collision avoidance;
• Within the ship-to-shore mode, as a means for littoral states to get information of a ship and its cargo.

Do Ships have GPS tracking System?

Yes, ships have GPS tacking system. The GPS tracking system is combined with the system known as AIS. With the help of satellite GPS able to mark in the position of the ship. This GPS is fitted in the AIS system, this transmitting system transmit the information which received by the shore also able to receive information from the other vessels AIS.

Automatic Identification System (Vessel Tracking System)
Automatic Identification System (Source- Oconall Street)

How does a ship tracker work?

Ship’s tracker works by taking the position and therefore movements via the vessels’ GPS system or an indoor sensor built into an AIS unit. That information is then bind along with programmable information from the AIS unit [number, vessel name, destination, cargo type] and is transmitted in the background at regular intervals whilst also receiving other vessels AIS information. The AIS unit can have its own separate antenna or an antenna splitter are often used from the antenna the VHF radio transmits from.

AIS information provides a summary of each large and potential hazard transmitting via AIS relative to your own vessels’ position. This is displayed either on a chart plotter showing the positions of other vessels or on a radar display.

Shore based stations even have equipment that receive AIS transmitted information and display it on an electronic chart showing ‘traffic’ within the waters close to them. The stations can keep track on the vessels and provide added safety as they have the authority to call ships directly and warn them of potential hazards.

What is vessel management system?

As the shipping industries growing advancement of the technologies taking place. So, the groups of equipments which are technically advanced manage the vessels which afloat in the oceans and seas, this is known as vessel management system. In the approaching years, there often no denying that there’ll further up gradations to the concept of vessel management especially in terms of the communication channels. But, for now, even in spite of the minor difficulties, there can be no arguing that as a way of traffic controller, the vessel management system is one among the best. For managing the vessels efficiently, communication with other vessels and if necessary, with coast guard is required, which is completely done by these vessel management systems. As shipping industry has advanced and evolved even further the management of the vessel will evolved.

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